Bomet County


- It is in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. It was created from the former Kericho district through Kenya gazette supplement no. 53 of 1992.

- It has a population of 724,186 and an covers an area of 1,630.0 km2


  1. Bomet Central Constituency

  2. Bomet East Constituency

  3. Chepalungu Constituency

  4. Sotik Constituency

  5. Konoin Constituency

Main physical features


  • Kipsonoi River
  • Nyangores River
  • Isei river
  • Chemosit river
  • Amala river



  • The Fair Hills


  • The fair hills plains


  • Rift valley 

Importance of physical features 

  • Tourist attraction

Bomet Game Reserve

  • Mau forest is home to animals and birds
  • Forests are water catchment areas

 The main types of natural vegetation

  • Forest vegetation

The importance of vegetation

  • Source of food for both wild and domestic animals
  • Water catchment area
  • Provides natural habitat to plants, animals and birds

Map distribution of physical features

 People and population

Language groups

  • The Kipsigis

Areas of high population density

  • Bomet town is the most populated towns in the area

Areas of low population density 

  • Ndanai and Kamugeno are the least populated areas in the county

 Social relations and cultural activities

The traditional way of life of the people


  • They relied on animals products. Milk was highly consumed and was considered important for children for their growth. They also ate meat from the animals they kept.


Traditional Kipsigis dressing consisted of skins of either domestic or wild animals. Earings were worn for both genders, including heavy brass coils that made the earlobe stretch down almost to the shoulder.

Songs and dances

They made drums and other musical instruments from animal products. Drums were made from cattle skin. Cattle horns were also used as an instrument. They blew it and it produced a loud sound.

Music was used to celebrate special occasion in the society. Ceremonies like marriage, initiation, birth of a new born baby and harvest were all followed by vigorous song and dance. It was a way of thankgiving and appreciation.

Traditional medical practices

- They had healers specifically for this reason.

- This gift was inherited from father to son.

- The healers had wide knowledge on plants and their effect. This knowledge is what was required in healing.

- They also practiced spiritual ways of healing like offering sacrifices and prayer.


  • Birth and naming

A typical kipsigis has four names. According to Kipsigis names were given at birth, as individual matures, during initiation and has he/she marries. The name carries both the culture and identity of the person. The cultural name tells where they belong.

  • Initiation

Keeba tuum, which was the initiation period, was the most important event in the life of the Kipsigis and the Kalenjin as a whole. Initiation rites for both male and female extended over a period of months and were very involved. Initiation was about rites of circumcision and also initiation into the secret rituals of the tribe and the teachings of tribal customs. The months the initiate spent in camp were a time of training for adulthood. It was almost like being in school for that period of time.


  • Harvest

Kipsunde oieng harvest ceremony was held in October to mark the special occasion. Music and dance was used to help in celebrating the event as a sign of thank giving.

  • Music

It was used to mark important ceremonies in the community. Besides funeral services the rest were followed by music and dance. Different songs were sung for different occasions. They had songs for war, harvest and birth of a child. Different songs had different purposes and different singing ways.

Resources and economic activities


The main cash crops and food crops grown

  • Maize
  • Irish potatoes
  • Onions
  • Bananas 
  • Pineapples

Areas where the cash crops are grown.

  • Bomet town is the area known for cash crops.

Types of livestock kept

  • Cattle
  • Sheep
  • Goats

NB: details of breeds are not required


Areas where fishing is practiced

Fishing in bomet is mainly done in the rivers for local consumption. These rivers are:

  • Kipsonoi River
  • Nyangores River


Major forests

  • The Olambwe Valley Forest.

Wildlife and Tourism

The types wildlife

  • Zebras
  • Gazelle
  • Antelopes
  • Elephants
  • Lions

The game parks and reserves

  • Bomet Game Reserve

The major tourist attractions

  • Bomet Game Reserve
  • The Olambwe Valley Forest.
  • Kariandusi Prehistoric Site.
  • Langalanga Racing Circuit.


Traditional industries 

The products of traditional industries

  • Herding
  • Agriculture
  • Hunting and gathering


The major trading centres

  • Bomet town
  • Ndanai town
  • Ndamichoni town

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