Wajir County


Wajir County is a county in the former North Eastern Province of Kenya.

Its capital and largest town is Wajir.

The county has a population of 661,941 and an area of 55,840.6 km².

Wajir County has only one local authority: Wajir county council.

The constituencies

  1. Wajir North
  2. Wajir West
  3. Wajir East
  4. Wajir South.

The main physical features


Katulo, Bogal, Bor, Ghorgani . These Rivers are seasonal.


  • Madokhor Hills
  • Yogala


  • Bun Plains
  • Bilesha Plains

Importance of the physical features

  • Tourist attraction
  • They provide natural habitat to plants, animals and birds

The main types of natural vegetation

  • Forest Vegetation
  • Semi-Arid vegetation

Importance of vegetation in the county

  • Provides food for both domestic and wild animals
  • Contributes to the climate pattern of the area.
  • Is a natural habitat to a variety of plants and animals.

Map of the Distribution of the natural vegetation

People and population

The language groups found

  • Wajir is mainly inhabited by Somalis, most belonging to the Ogaden, Ajuran and Degodia clans.

Areas of high population density in the county

  • Wajir town has the most population

Areas of low population density

  • Dif and Buna towns have the least population.

Social and cultural activities

The traditional way of life of the people


  • Somali meals, generally always cooked by the women, are meat driven. Goat, beef, lamb and sometimes chicken


  • An outfit commonly worn by Somali men is a white cotton sheet wrapped around them as a skirt and another white piece used as a shawl. A sarong-like garment, worn around the waist, called a macawiis is typically worn by most Somali men. Some Somali men wear a long ankle-length garment called a khameez. Many Somali men wear a colorful turban or an embroidered cap known as koofiyad on their head. Some men, mainly in the upper class, wear suits and neckties in order to look more western and modern. This is also common garb for Somali business people.

Songs and dances

  • Dhaanto is a style of traditional Somali music and folk dance. It is specific to certain Somali-speaking areas in the Horn region. The dance-song was revived during the Dervish period in the early 20th century, when it was used to raise the 'spirts' of soldiers and was often sung on horseback

Traditional medical practices

  • Traditional herbs were used.

The ceremonies and festivals held amongst the people


  • Birth and naming

Somali names have three parts. The first name is the given name, and is specific to an individual. The second name is the name of the child's father, and the third name is the name of the child's paternal grandfather. Thus siblings, both male and female, will share the same second and third names. Women, when they marry, do not change their names. By keeping the name of their father and grandfather, they are, in effect, maintaining their affiliation with their clan of birth.

  •  Initiation 


  • Harvest

Women and children were responsible for harvesting. After a good harvest the Somalis prepared a feast where everyone attended. This ceremony was a sign of thanks giving for the good harvest. Music, dance and drama were all performed to mark this ceremony.

  • Music

They had a style of music and dance known as dhaanto.

Resources and economic activities


Main cash crops and food crops grown

  • Cotton Farming
  • Horticulture & floriculture; melons, tomatoes, onions
  • Sisal growing & processing
  • sorghum, maize, millet, cowpeas

Areas where the cash crops are grown

  • Wajir town 

The types of livestock kept by the people

  • Cattle
  • Goat
  • Sheep
  • Camel


Areas where fishing is practiced

  • Fishing is done mainly in wells and dams.

Wildlife and Tourism

The major tourist attractions

  • Wajir Museum
  • Wagalla Massacre Site
  • Orpahey Wells
  • British & Italian War Bunkers
  •  Old Court House
  • Yahut Dame.


  • The traditional industries


The products of traditional industries



  • Local markets

Barwaqo market

Major trading centres

  • Wajir town is the main trading town.