Meru County


- Meru County is one of the 47 counties of Kenya, located in the former Eastern Province. It has a population of 1.4 million people.

- Meru County is the home of the Ngaa People (Meru), who are related to other ethnicities living around the Mount Kenya region: the Kikuyu, Embu people and to some extent the Kamba people. Also, peoples from the east coast of Kenya, along the Indian Ocean, like the Bajuni, Swahili, Mijikenda, and further inland, the Taita, Taveta and westwards to the Lake Victoria coast, the Kisii and Maragoli as well as other Luhya people, are all related to the Meru.

- The county headquarters is in the town of Meru.


It consist of 9 constituencies

  1. Igembe South Constituency
  2. Igembe Central Constituency
  3. Igembe North Constituency
  4. Tigania West Constituency
  5. Tigania East Constituency
  6. North Imenti Constituency
  7. Buuri Constituency
  8. Central Imenti Constituency
  9. South Imenti Constituency

Physical features


  • The Kathita River


  • Nkunga Scared Lake


  • Mount Kenya


  • Ithangune
  • Rutundu hills
  • Nyambene Hills


  • Meru plains

Importance of physical features

  • Mt Mount Kenya National Park offers untouched wilderness, exquisite scenery, mineral springs and endangered wildlife species for those who love camping, game viewing, bird watching, cave exploration and mountain climbing.

Types of natural vegetation

Mountain vegetation

  • State the importance of vegetation in the COUNTY
  • Vegetation affects soil development over time, generally contributing to a more productive soil.
  • Vegetation provides wildlife habitat and food.
  • Vegetation provides direct (e.g., timber) and indirect (e.g., watershed protection) socioeconomic products and services for humans.
  • Vegetation gives spiritual and cultural experiences to some people.
  • Vegetation can be easily described and mapped, and therefore can be used to: monitor changes in cover, composition, and structure due to natural or human-influenced events.

Map of the Distribution of physical features

People and population

Language groups

  • Ameru people
  • Kikuyu
  • Embu
  • Akamba

Areas of high population density

  • Meru
  • Maua
  • Nkubu
  • Laare
  • Timau 

Social relations and cultural activities

The traditional way of life 


  • Corn, beans, potatoes, and millet


  • Hides and skin

Songs and dances

  • Kibuucho dance
  • The Kirarire ritual song

Traditional medical practices

  • Herbal drugs for malaria treatment

Ceremonies and festivals held


  • Birth and naming

- Traditionally, a newly born child was immediately offered to God, in a marvelous ceremony performed by the mother, even before taking care of herself.

- Holding the baby that had just come out of her womb, she faced either of the sacred mountains of Mount Kenya or Mount Njombeni (Nyambene), offering the child to God by spitting on it (spitting saliva - gwikia mata - is a sign of good wish and blessing).

- By the age of between five and seven, children underwent an educational rite (Kiama kia ncibi) in which they were instructed in basic social values, their meaning punched home by a string of maledictions and curses should they ever misbehave called gotumerua ota (for boys) and gotumerua ncia (for girls), it contained advice like: "Do not steal. If you will ever steal, may your throat be cut like that of this goat", referring to the goat that would be sacrificed at the end of the ceremony.

  • Initiation

- Through circumcision, both boys and girls attain adulthood, and all the respect and responsibilities that go along with it. It marks their initiation not just into adulthood, but also into society and thus full membership of the tribe.

Resources and economic activities 


Main cash crops and food crops grown

  • Maize, beans, sorghum, millet cabbages and fruits.
  • Tea, coffee and Miraa
  • Tea is grown in Weru, Kionyo, Githongo and Imenti
  • Miraa is grown in Maua, Igembe and Tigania

Types of livestock kept

  • Cattle
  • Goats
  • Sheep


Areas where fishing is practiced

  • Meru areas
  • Kaaga farmers


Major forests

  • Imenti Forest

Wildlife and Tourism

Types of wildlife

  • Grevy Zebras, Somali Ostrich, Reticulated Giraffe, giraffe Gazelle and the Onyx.

Game parks and reserves

  • Meru National Park
  • Meru Museum

Major tourist attractions

  • Meru National Park
  • Meru Museum
  • Lewa conservancy
  • Mt Kenya climbing tourism
  • Semwe Salt lick, Vivien Falls, Meru Bandas and Sacred Lake.


Traditional industries


Major trading centers 

  • Meru
  • Maua
  • Nkubu
  • Laare
  • Timau