Grammar and language use; Conjuctions


Conjunctions are joining words.

They join words, phrases and sentences.

There are two main kinds of conjunctions:

(a) Those which join parts of a sentence which are of equal importance.

They are also called co-ordinating conjunctions:

  • and,
  • but,
  • for,
  • whereas,
  • both…and,
  • either…or,
  • neither…nor


  • Tom and I attended the party.

  • Neither Ali nor Omar knew the answer.

  • Either Uncle Onyango or Aunt Awino will come.


  • She could talk but could not walk.


  • Both the driver and the turnboy were injured in the accident.

(b) Those which join main clauses to subordinate clauses.

They are often called subordinating conjunctions:

  • after,
  • since,
  • because,
  • though,
  • until,
  • when,
  • where,
  • how,
  • before,
  • than,
  • that,
  • whether,
  • while.


  • After my final exams, I want to visit a national park.


  • I had to begin writing all over again when I lost my exercise book.


  • If we finish our homework on time, mother will let us watch our favourite show.


  • Though the exams were very hard, Peter believed that he would excel.


  • We will go out and play whether or not it will rain.