Maliasili ya taifa

- Maliasili ni vitu vinavyotokana na maumbile.

- Mifano: misitu, maji, madini n.k.

- Aghalabu, maliasili ya nchi huchangia katika utajiri wa nchi husika k.m.

- Afrika kusini imenawiri kiuchumi kutokana na utajiri wa madini.

Mifano ya madini

Maliasili                     Matumizi / maelezo

Dhahabu.  Madini yenye thamani kubwa. Ni ya rangi ya    manjano mbivu. Hutengenezea mapambo.

Fedha.  Madini ya rangi ya bati. Hutengenezea sarafu.

Shaba.  Ni ya rangi nyekundu au nyeupe. Hutengenezea nyaya za umeme.

Almasi. Madini magumu yaliyo na thamani sana. Hukatia vioo na madini mengine. 

Alumini.  Madini mepesi rangi ya kijivu na fedha.    Hutengenezea kikaango.

Zinki/ferasi.  Madini meupe na samawati. Hupakwa juu ya   mengine ili kuzuia kuota.

Chuma.  Madini ngumu. Hujengea na kuundia vitu.

Risasi. Yana rangi ya buluu na kijivu hafifu. Huyeyuka rahisi kwa kuchomwa. Hutengenezwa  vitu vya vioo na ngamba za sanaa

Zebaki.  Majimaji na rangi ya fedha au nyekundu. Hutumiwa kupika na kuendesha mitambo.

Makaa ya mawe. Huchimbwa chini ya ardhi. Meusi. Hutumiwa  kupika na kuendesha mitambo.

Chumvi.  Madini meupe. Hutiwa kwenye chakula ilikuongezea ladha

Magadi.  Chumvi chungu. Hutengenezea sabuni. Hulainisha chakula wakati wa kupika.

Ulanga. Meupe kama ngamba zilizoshikana. Huchimbwa ardhini.Hutengenezea vitu vya vioo na ngamba za sanaa.

Chokaa. Unga mweupe unaotumiwa kujengea, kupaka kuta za nyumba.

Bati. Meupe kidogo. Hufanana na risasi. Ni magumu

 

Urani. Madini mazito. Rangi nyeupe na ya fedha. Huzalisha nguvu za nyukilia.

Magnesia. Madini meupe. Hutumiwa kutengeneza dawa za  kutibia kiungulia. Huchanganywa na madini mengine na hutumika kutengenezea ndege.

Aloi. Hupatikana kwa kuchanganya madini mawili au zaidi. Hutumika kutengenezea mataa ya kuongozea magari katika mizunguko ya barabara.

Jasi. Jiwe laini la chokaa. Hutengenezea saruji.

Manganizi.  Madini ya kijivu na meupe. Huvunjika rahisi. Hutengenezea vioo.

               

Zoezi la kwanza

Jibu maswali yafuatayo.

1. Madini yatumikayo kukatia vioo huitwa ____.

2. Madini yatumiwayo kutengenezea mapambo ya fahari k.v pete huitwa _____.

3. Madini magumu yatumiwayo kukata vyuma huitwa _____.

4. Madini majimaji yenye rangi ya fedha yatumiwayo katika themometa huitwa?

5. Madini meupe yatumiwayo sana kupaka juu ya chuma kuzuia kutu?

6. Madini ya chumvi chungu yatumiwayo kutengenezea sabuni ni ____.

7. Unga mweupe upakwao kuta za nyumba ni _____.

8. Madini ya rangi nyekundu yanayong'aa baada ya kusuguliwa na hutengenezea nyaya za stima  _____.

9. Madini meupe yachimbwayo ardhini na hutumika kutengenezea vioo na ng'amba za sanaa ni _____.

10. Madini ya buluu na kijivu hafifu ambayo huyeyuka rahisi ikichomwa ni _____.

Zoezi la pili

  1. Taja madini matano yaitwayo vito.
  2. Taja madini yatumiwayo viwandani kuyeyushia vyuma.
  3. Madini yapi yaliyovumbuliwa hivi karibuni nchini Kenya katika Kaunti ya Kwale?
  4. Ni madini gani yatengenezwayo kalamu?
  5. Mhunzi hutumia madini yapi?
  6. Sonara upenda kutumia madini yapi ?
  7. Taja madini giligili au maowevu.
  8. Taja madini yanayotengeneza mabamba.
  9. Madini yapi yanayotengenezwa sarafu?
  10. Madini yapi yanayofuliwa mapambo kama vile: vidani, bali na pete?
  11. Madini yapi ni kiungo cha kitoweo?
  12. Taja madini yanayotumiwa na mjumu.
  13. Taja madini yanayotumika kutia nakshi kuta za nyumba.



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