Dysphasia is a language disorder that is characterized by impairment of speech, writing, and comprehension of spoken or written language. The affection may be mild or severe.
Symptoms include difficulty in talking, writing, listening, and understanding. Daily tasks such as answering the phone or shopping may prove difficult. There may also be difficulties with grammar structure and verbal association.
Dysphasia can often cause people confusion due to the comprehension deficits, and it can cause stress at school and at home. People with this condition are often considered illogical and sometimes thought to be drunk or mentally confused.
Treatments include adaptation through coping mechanisms, speech therapy, and techniques such as repeating things, talking slowly, and using drawings.
Dysphasia results in changes to some or all of the following areas of communication: understanding, talking, reading and writing. The main centres that control speech and language are on the left side of the brain and dysphasia most often results from damage to these areas. Dysphasia will differ from person to person depending on which parts and how much of the brain is affected.
Conditions that can cause dysphasia include:
Effects of dysphasia
Treatment of dysphasia
Treatment of dysphasia is dependent on the specific difficulties the person is experiencing. Treatment usually has a practical focus, helping the person communicate effectively in everyday life.
Various communication aids such as white boards, picture boards and electronic talkers may help a person with dysphasia convey their message. These aids may be used in the short and long term and are usually implemented with the help of a Speech Pathologist.
General Tips for Communicating with someone who has dysphasia
Communicating with someone who has dysphasia - When you are listening:
Communicating with someone who has dysphasia - When you are talking: