Political pillar


- Kenya aims to be a country which is equally entrenched irrespective of one’s race, ethinicity, religion, gender or social-economic status; a nation that not only respects but alo harnesses the diversity of it peoples’ values, tradition and aspirations for the benefit of all.

- Vision 2030 is a democratic political system that is

  • Issue based – Meets the widest public interest.
  • People centred – Refers to responsiveness to the needs and rights of citizens, whose participation in all public interest policies andresource allocation process is both fully appreciated and enabled.
  • Result oriented – system that is stable predictable and based on measurable outcome (Includes performance).
  • Accountable to the public – A system that is open, transparentand permits free flow of information and in which leaders are accountable to the citizens.

Guiding principles of the Political Pillar:

  • Constitutional supremacy:
    Supremacy of the constitution shall be respected at all times. This will guarantee individual rights as stated in the Bill of Rights and the property rights of local and international investors.

  • Sovereignty of the people:
    This calls for the acknowledgement of the fact that in a constitutional democracy like Kenya, the government derives all its just powers from the people it governs.

  • Equality of citizens:
    Kenya shall be a nation that treats its women and men equally. It will not discriminate any citizen on the basis of gender, race, tribe, religion or ancestral origin.

  • National values, goals and ideology:
    In the pursuit of economic, social and political aspirations, Kenyans shall formulate and adopt a core set of national values, goals and a political ideology Supportive of Vision 2030 These will include acknowledgement of the significance of God to the Kenyan people and an affirmation of the religious, cultural and ethnic diversity of Kenyans. It will also affirm the indivisibility of Kenya as a nation and her commitment to democracy and the rule of law.

  • The bill of rights: 
    Under vision 2030, a bill of rights will be secured and guaranteed. The bill will cover civil and political rights;economic, social and cultural rights and rights and needs of women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly and refugees. Besides protecting the right to just administrative action, the bill shall guarantee the rights of consumers to appropriate quality of goods and services from whatever source, fair advertising.

  • A viable political party system:
    Kenya aims at a strong and viable political party system that will be guided by policy and ideological differences rather than region of ethnicity. Under Vision 2030, founding of political parties on religious, linguistic, racial, ethnic, gender, corporate or regional basis will be prohibited. This is in line with the just enacted Political Parties Bill. All political parties will be obliged to subscribe to a legally-binding Code of Conduct. There will be a clear definition of circumstances under which a party may be de-registered or reinstated. The delegation of state functions to (or the use of state resources by) political parties will not be permitted. Political parties will be required to publish their manifestos before participating in elections.

  • Public participation in governance:
    The Kenyan political system is now more open than it has been in the past. In order to ensure fuller public participation in the governance process, that support democratic governance. The citizens of Kenya will be made to appreciate the values of tolerance and respect for differences in opinion, in a competitive society of the kind Vision 2030 has in mind.

  • Separation of powers:
    The implementation of Vision 2030 will depend on the enhancement of the capacity of the three arms of government (Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary). Already considerable progress has been made through reforms in the Executive and the Judiciary. Parliament’s independence has been enhanced. These institutions will independently function in a manner that will enhance the implementation of Vision 2030.

  • Decentralisation:
    Vision 2030
    will continue to use devolved funds to strengthen decentralisation of development projects at the community level. Improved planning, prioritisation, and coordination of such projects at the local level will be accorded priority in realising that goal.

The pillar is anchored on transformation of Kenya’s political governance across five strategic areas:

  • Rule of law
    Adherence to the Kenyan Constitution and rrule of law applicable to a modern, market based economy in a human rights-respecting state.

  • Electoral and political processes
    Genuinely competitive and issue based politics.

  • Democracy and public service delivery
    A people centred and politically engaged open society.

  • Transparency and accountability
    Transparent, accountable, ethical and results oriented government institutions.

  • Public administration and service delivery
    Policy driven and service focused government institutions

  • Security, peace building and conflict management
    Security for all persons and property throughout the Republic.