|Keeping a Diary|
|Filling in Forms|
|The Class Newspaper|
|Problems in Writing|
|Points to Remember|
|KCPE 2008 Composition|
|KCPE 2005 Composition|
- This is the art of expressing yourself to someone you know, or you do not know, on a piece of paper.
- In this case, the message being conveyed is received as though you are talking directly to the person you have addressed the letter to.
There are of two types:
Informal letters are also called personal or friendly letters. They are the kind of letters you would write to your parents, relatives and friends. They are called informal because you can write them in your own way and say what you want in them. You write letters probably to:
When you take up your pen to write a letter, perhaps the first thing you should do is to put down in note form the points you would like to include. You may give a paragraph to each main point. Then you will write the final copy. Finally, read through your letter and make corrections of any mistakes made in punctuation, spelling and grammar. It is important that you stick to your rough plan when writing your letter. Write it simply, directly, politely and correctly.
A friendly letter takes the following form:
You may close your letters in one of the following ways, depending on the person you are writing to:
Sincerely yours; Your loving daughter; Yours sincerely; Yours cordially; Affectionately yours; Yours ever; Your son; Lovingly yours.
You may also end your letter with a very short statement such as:
Best wishes; My warmest regards; Cheerio; My fondest regards; Happy New Year; Best of luck; Say Hello to Mike; My kindest regards;
This should be written neatly and boldly. In most cases you will use titles such as Mr, Miss,Mrs, Dr, Rev, and Prof before the addressee’s name:
Quite often, you will use at least two initials before someone’s name:
When you are writing to a boy the title of Mr is not necessary.
Formal letter is also known as a business or official letter. Most formal letters have serious, clear and direct points. Such letters are generally short and contain only necessary information. Formal and business letters are addressed to organizations, companies, government offices and to people who hold important positions.
The plan of a formal letter.
A formal letter is written following various rules. Addresses included should be two – at the right hand corner of the page appears the writer’s address. The receivers address appears on the left hand side closer to the margin as illustrated below:
Types of addresses
Refers to the greetings which introduce the body of the letter. In official letter writing people are saluted differently.
To the managers – Dear Sir
To the manageress – Dear Madam
To business companies – Dear Sir/ Madam
Reference in the formal letter is written below the salutation. It is a sentence topic of the whole body of the letter. It gives a general idea of what the letter is all about.
RE: EDUCATIONAL FIELD TRIP
The body of a letter is divided into three parts:
Also known as an honourable ending
Should be indicated before the writer’s name. The writer should sign it himself or herself.
Now study the following letters and see how they fit into the plan you have just learnt about.