|Prominent Traditional leaders|
|The Khoi Khoi and the San|
|Effect of colonial rule|
|Africa reaction to colonial rule|
|Struggle for independence in Kenya|
|Africa, scramble & partition|
|East African Association|
|Political Developments in Kenya since 1963|
|Present government system|
|prominent leaders in kenya-Mzee jomo Kenyatta|
|Prominent Kenyan leaders - Daniel arap Moi|
|Prominent Kenyan leaders - Jaramogi Oginga Odinga|
|Prominent Kenyan leaders - Prof. Wangari Maathai|
|Prominent Kenyan leaders - Tom Mboya|
|Other Prominent Leaders from Africa|
|Pre colonial Period|
- This kingdom was founded by the Soninke people and is sometimes referred to as Ancient Ghana.
- It occupied the savanna region extending from the edges of the tropical rain forest in the South to the edge of the Sahara Desert in the North.
- It was located between River Senegal, flowing westward into the Atlantic Ocean, to River Niger before it joins its tributary (Benue) to flow southward.
Old Ghana engaged in barter trade with Mediterranean countries. The main products from the Kingdom were ivory, gold, kola nuts, and honey. In return, the people of Old Ghana received clothes, copper, salt, beads, swords, knives, arrowheads and nails.
In some cases, it was silent trade. The Walata people that mined gold were afraid of sending it to the market. They then would leave it on the banks of River Senegal and hide in the bushes. The traders would then come and take the gold and in its place, leave salt, clothes and other goods. The traders did not see each other face to face for negotiations.
The kingdom controlled the Trans-Saharan Trade routes in the region which mainly involved Arabs and West African communities.
An Image on barter trade
In the 11th Century, other groups united against the Old Ghana Kingdom. They organised themselves into strong armies with two main aims;
There were also frequent internal conflicts within the Old Ghana Empire, which had significantly weakened it. It was therefore not easy for it to resist external attacks. Many people were killed by the invaders from the north, and those that survived were forced to convert to Islam. In 1076, the kingdom finally fell.
Location of Old Ghana Kingdom