Immunization

 

- Immunization is giving medicine to protect the body against certain diseases.

- Protecting the body makes the body resistant to the particular diseases.

- The medicine is given in form of a vaccine.

- The vaccine helps the body to fight and kill the germs causing diseases.

- The action of giving a vaccine is called vaccination.

- Vaccination can be administered by injections.

- Injection is introducing the vaccine into the body by using a needle mounted on a syringe.

- When a vaccine is given through the mouth we call this oral vaccination

An immunization schedule shows disease the vaccine and the age at vaccination

  • tuberculosis (TB) BCG at birth Injection
  • Polio OPV at birth, 6 weeks,10 weeks,
  • Oral 14 weeks diphtheria, tetanus,
  • DPT/HepB/HIB 6 weeks, 10 weeks,
  • Injection whooping cough, 14 weeks
  • hepatitis B, meningitis measles measles 9 months
  • Injection yellow fever yellow fever 9 months
  • Injection vitamin A deficiency vitamin A 6 months
  • Oral Tetanus tetanus toxoid (T.T) 3 months, 5 months, Injection 9 months, booster at 4 years of age, then at 10-year intervals
  • Typhoid Typhoid 6 months Injection

 

Topic Review

In this topic we have learned that:

Immunization is giving medicine to protect the body against certain diseases

The  immunization schedule  shows disease the vaccine and age at vaccination