Immunization is giving medicine to protect the body against certain diseases.
Protecting the body makes the body resistant to the particular diseases.
The medicine is given in form of a vaccine.
The vaccine helps the body to fight and kill the germs causing diseases.
The action of giving a vaccine is called vaccination.
Vaccination can be administered by injections.
Injection is introducing the vaccine into the body by using a needle mounted on a syringe.
When a vaccine is given through the mouth we call this oral vaccination
An immunization schedule shows disease the vaccine and the age at vaccination
- tuberculosis (TB) BCG at birth Injection
- Polio OPV at birth, 6 weeks,10 weeks,
- Oral 14 weeks diphtheria, tetanus,
- DPT/HepB/HIB 6 weeks, 10 weeks,
- Injection whooping cough, 14 weeks
- hepatitis B, meningitis measles measles 9 months
- Injection yellow fever yellow fever 9 months
- Injection vitamin A deficiency vitamin A 6 months
- Oral Tetanus tetanus toxoid (T.T) 3 months, 5 months, Injection 9 months, booster at 4 years of age, then at 10-year intervals
- Typhoid Typhoid 6 months Injection
In this topic we have learned that:
Immunization is giving medicine to protect the body against certain diseases
The immunization schedule shows disease the vaccine and age at vaccination
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