- Laws are guidelines, put in place to show how people should behave. Laws also ensure that there is security and human rights are protected. The basic laws are written in a constitution.
Lawlessness can be caused by different factors. Some of these are listed below;
Peace is a state where there is no conflict or disagreement. It can be promoted by the following conditions:
1. Peacefully existing with other people:
Peace can exist where people of different races, communities or religions live with one another, so long as they respect each other.
Peace is promoted by being friends to one another. When one wrongs another person, he or she should confess and ask for forgiveness.
3. Obeying the law:
Law is made so that people can stay in peace. When people do what the law requires, they have peace.
4. Respect for one another:
Respect for one another enables people to live in peace.
When countries disagree with one another, there is no peace. They go to war and fight one another. In such cases, peace can be promoted by having a mediator talking to the two enemies to bring understanding between them. The process of bringing two conflicting people to come to an agreement is called mediation. Mediation promotes reconciliation.
In a country where there is democracy, citizens express their opinions without fear and the government listens to the different views of the citizens.
7. Enforcement of the law by the police force:
The government uses the police in order to maintain law and order.
8. Good economy: In a country or place where there is sufficient food and most people are employed, people are more peaceful.
9. Trust: When people are elected to positions of power, they should use their power to serve the citizens.
10. Equal distribution of national resources.
When they are distributed equally, the people are happy and live in peace because no one is favoured over the rest.
Below are some factors which are likely to undermine peace:
Laws are guidelines put in place to show how people should behave. Laws also ensure that there is security and human rights are protected. The basic laws are written in a constitution. Importance of peace include:
Conflict is a disagreement or a clash between ideas, interests or wishes of two opposing forces. Conflict can lead to emotional tension, disagreement or physical violence. There are many factors that lead to conflicts in our society. The main ones are:
There are different ways that can be applied to resolve conflicts. The method used depends on the type of conflict. The main ones are discussed below:
This is the situation where those in conflict take the matter to court. The judge then listens to both sides and makes a judgement using the requirements of the law. This process is also called litigation.
This method is used by the United Nations (UN), to bring peace in countries where there are civil wars. Military personnel from other UN member countries are sent to the country at war to try and control the two or more fighting groups. These outside forces are not allowed to fight but can negotiate with the two sides and come up with a solution to the dispute.
Two conflicting parties hold dialogue and listen to one another. At some point they may come to an agreement by themselves.
If one party had wronged the other, it is possible to resolve the conflict through forgiveness.
This is the process where a third party is used to settle a dispute. The two conflicting people are each given a chance to give their side of the story. The mediator helps the two parties to reach an agreement. The mediator is also an arbitrator.