The early life of Jesus

a) Jesus' birth foretold - Luke 1:26-38

- God sent Angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

- This happened in the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy.

- From the Angel's greetings Mary was highly favoured and the Lord was with her.

- From the Angel's words Mary was greatly troubled.

- The Angel told her not to be afraid because she had found favor before God.

- She would conceive and give birth to a son and call him Jesus.

- He would reign over Jacob's descendants forever; an eternal Kingdom.

- Mary questioned the Angel the possibility of all these because she was a virgin.

- From the Angel's reply, she would conceive by the power of the Holy Spirit and the child to be bone would be called The Son of God.

- He informed Mary that Elizabeth would give birth to a son in her old age, for no word from God would ever fail.

- Mary accepted that the word of God be fullfilled in her. 

 

b) The birth of Jesus - Luke 2:1 ... 

- The Roman emperor, Augustus, decreed that a census be taken throughout the Romans.

- All returned to their own ancestral towns to register for this census.

- And because Joseph was a descendant of King David, he had to go to Bethlehem in Judea, David’s ancient home.

- He traveled there from the village of Nazareth in Galilee. 

- He took with him Mary, to whom he was engaged, who was now expecting a child.

- And while they were there, the time came for her baby to be born.

- She gave birth to her firstborn son.

- She wrapped him snugly in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no lodging available for them.

c) The Shepherds and Angels

- That night there were shepherds staying in the fields nearby, guarding their flocks of sheep.

- Suddenly, an angel of the Lord appeared among them, and the radiance of the Lord’s glory surrounded them.

- They were terrified, but the angel told them not to be afraid.

- He said. “I bring you good news that will bring great joy to all people.

- The Savior—yes, the Messiah, the Lord—has been born today in Bethlehem, the city of David!

- And you will recognize him by this sign: You will find a baby wrapped snugly in strips of cloth, lying in a manger.”

- Suddenly, the angel was joined by a vast host of others—the armies of heaven—praising God and saying, “Glory to God in highest heaven, and peace on earth to those with whom God is pleased.”

- When the angels had returned to heaven, the shepherds said to each other, “Let’s go to Bethlehem! Let’s see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”

- They hurried to the village and found Mary and Joseph.

- And there was the baby, lying in the manger.

- After seeing him, the shepherds told everyone what had happened and what the angel had said to them about this child.

- All who heard the shepherds’ story were astonished, but Mary kept all these things in her heart and thought about them often.

- The shepherds went back to their flocks, glorifying and praising God for all they had heard and seen.

- It was just as the angel had told them.

 

d) Jesus Is Presented in the Temple

- Eight days later, when the baby was circumcised, he was named Jesus.

- The name given him by the angel even before he was conceived.

- Then it was time for their purification offering, as required by the law of Moses after the birth of a child.

- So his parents took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord.

- The law of the Lord says, “If a woman’s first child is a boy, he must be dedicated to the Lord.”

- So they offered the sacrifice required in the law of the Lord — “Either a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.”

 

The Prophecy of Simeon

- At that time there was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon.

- He was righteous and devout and was eagerly waiting for the Messiah to come and rescue Israel.

- The Holy Spirit was upon him and had revealed to him that he would not die until he had seen the Lord’s Messiah. 

- That day the Spirit led him to the Temple.

- So when Mary and Joseph came to present the baby Jesus to the Lord as the law required, Simeon was there.

- He took the child in his arms and praised God, saying,

  • “Sovereign Lord, now let your servant die in peace, as you have promised.
  • I have seen your salvation, which you have prepared for all people.
  • He is a light to reveal God to the nations, and he is the glory of your people Israel!”

 

The Prophecy of Anna

- Anna, a prophet, was also there in the Temple.

- She was the daughter of Phanuel from the tribe of Asher, and she was very old. - Her husband died when they had been married only seven years.

- Then she lived as a widow to the age of eighty-four.

- She never left the Temple but stayed there day and night, worshiping God with fasting and prayer.

- She came along just as Simeon was talking with Mary and Joseph, and she began praising God.

- She talked about the child to everyone who had been waiting expectantly for God to rescue Jerusalem.

- When Jesus’ parents had fulfilled all the requirements of the law of the Lord, they returned home to Nazareth in Galilee.

- There the child grew up healthy and strong. He was filled with wisdom, and God’s favor was on him.