Sentences are the building blocks of our language

The 2 Main Parts are:



A subject is the noun.

A predicate is a part of a sentence containing a verb that makes a statement about the subject of the verb.

The Subject is the Noun of the sentence, The sentence is also based upon the Noun

In, “The beautiful dancer leaped into the air like a deer.” Dancer is the subject

The quickest way to find the subject is to read the sentence carefully

The subject can be singular or plural and 1 or 2 words

In long sentences, once you identify the subject, the rest of the sentence is the predicate.

The beginning of the predicate is a verb. 


The predicate names the verb in the sentence that tells what is happening

In, “The beautiful dancer leaped into the air like a deer.” leaped is the predicate

The easiest way to find the predicate is to find what the subject is doing


Vocabulary to Use in This Section

advise, certificate, anthem, greetings, mathematics, social studies, punctuation
marks, full stop, question mark, capital letters, monitor, prefect, homework, always, went, wait for, hardly, classmates

Sentence structure using the vocabulary given above;

The class prefect shouted that it was mathematics time.

Class prefect is the subject

shouted that it was mathematics time is the predicate

A complete sentence must have a subject and a predicate.

The subject tells who or what does the action, and the predicate contains the verb and tells what the action is.

A verb is a word that expresses one of two things:

Action:  jump, scream, fly, run
State of being:  appear, seem, feel

A subject can be any of the following things:

1. The person who does the action in the sentence.
 Grandpa sells goods in his general store.
2. The place that does the action in the sentence.
 The general store swarms with people before the Fourth of July celebration.
3. The thing that does the action in the sentence.
 Flour and sugar are mixed together to make cookies.

4.  The person described in the sentence.
Grandpa is happy when he makes a good sell.
5. The place being described in the sentence.
The general store is crowded on Saturday.
6. The thing being described in the sentence.
Cookies are best when the flour and sugar are fresh.

Subjects may come in different forms

One noun as the subject – Billy wants hound dogs.
Two nouns as a subject – Little Ann and Old Dan are two dogs.
One pronoun as the subject – He prays each night for dogs.
Two pronouns as the subject – He and she are both still awake because of the coon hounds.
A phrase – Staying awake all night is no fun.
A clause – What makes me mad is all the noise!


when he gets the money

(This has a subject [he] and a verb [gets], but you’re left wondering, aren’t you?

It’s not a complete sentence.

This is called a dependent clause.

It depends on something else to make a complete sentence.

Complete Sentence

Billy will buy textbooks when he gets the money.

(Now we know what’s going on!)

Watch this video about subject and predicate


  • predicate by eLimu used under CC_BY-SA
  • subject by pixabay used under CC_BY-SA
  • Dancer by mixed bag mag used under CC_BY-SA
  • predicate by eLimu used under CC_BY-SA
  • clean_healthy_school_compound_1 by Children of Uganda used under CC_BY-SA
  • subject-and-predicate by eLimu used under CC_BY-SA
  • flour_and_sugar by Food and Style used under CC_BY-SA
  • grandpa-shop by flickr used under CC_BY-SA
  • cookies by Lincolnshire used under CC_BY-SA
  • dependent-clauses by eLimu used under CC_BY-SA
  • complete-sentence by eLimu used under CC_BY-SA
  • Complete_Sentences__Subjects_and_Predicates__by_Melissa_1 by Unknown used under CC_BY-SA

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